Revered by anthropologists as the 'cradle of humanity', Kenya is also the heart of African safari country, boasting the most diverse collection of wild animals on the continent.
Name: Republic of Kenya
Area: 582,645 sq km Capital: Nairobi
Population: 34 million, 51 per sq. km, 47% growth
Life Expectancy: 51 Infant Mortality: 55 per thousand
Doctors per mn: 15
Currency: Kenya Shilling (KSh)
GDP: $11549 mn, $350 per capita, - 3.9% growth
ODA: $459 mn
Exports: Tea, Coffee, Horticultural produce
Dev. Index: 0.396
Time: GMT+3 Dial Code: 254
Head of State: President Emilio Mwai Kibaki
Gov't Party: 'Grand coalition government composed of PNU, ODM, KANU, amongst other parties in parliament:
Election Type: National Assembly Period: 5 yrs Next:December 2007
Gov't System: Republic Unicameral, directly elected National Assembly holds legislative Power: Executive power held by president, also directly elected for 5years.
Legal System: Based on English common law, tribal law, and Islamic laws judicial review in High court accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
Colonized by: British
Independence: 12 Dec 1963
The Geography and Climate
Coastline: 536km Geo Coordinates: 1 00N, 38 00E
Health Risks: Malaria exists all year throughout the country. There is normally little risk
in Nairobi and in the highlands (above 2500 metres) of Central, Rift Valley, Eastern
Nyanza and Western Provinces. Rabies.
Rivers: , Galana, Tana Lakes: Lake Turkana
Highest Pts: Mount Kenya 5199 feet
Aberdares, Amboseli, Arawale, Chyulu Hills, Dodori, Gedi, Hells Gate, Lake Bogoria, Lake Naivasha, Lake Nakuru, Marsabit, Meru, Mount Elgon, Mount Kenya, Mount Longonot, Nairobi, Ol Donyo Sapuk, Saiwa Swamp, Shimba Hills, Tsavo East, Tsavo West, Ruma,
Ndere, Ndere, Kora, Marine
Game Reserves: Kakamega Forest, Masai Mara, Samburu Springs
Climate: Varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior.
Rain Season: April - May and October - November
The Culture and Society
Ethnic Groups: Luhya 21%, Kalenjin 17%, Kisii 6%, Non-African(Asian,European and
Arab) 2%, Kikuyu 24%, Luo 20%, Kamba 10%, Meru 10%
Religion: Christian 66%, Indigenous Beliefs 26%, Muslim 7%, Other 1%
No. of Households: 3 Languages: English (Primary Education) Swahili (Primary
Male Youth Illiteracy: 5%, Primary Education: 8yrs Pupil per Teacher: 30
Current Account: $ 24.5 mn
Foreign Debt: $6562 mn